This statistics were compiled in Jan-Feb 2019 using the most up to date information available online.
Population – 16 Million
- Life expectancy – Male 67, Female 71
- Over 50% of the population is under 24 years old, less than 4% is older than 65.
Historical Population comparison Thailand & Cambodia 1970-1980
- Thailand 1970 – 36 885 000
- Thailand 1980 – 47 375 000
- Increase of almost 10.5 million people or 29%
- Cambodia 1970 – 7 000 000
- Cambodia 1980 – 6 770 000
- Decrease of 30 000 people or -5%
- In real terms Cambodia lost much more 25% of its population in one decade.
- More than 1.7 million bodies have been identified in mass graves, these people were executed. It is unknown how many died of starvation or disease, or were executed and buried elsewhere
- 80% of Cambodia’s population live in rural areas.
- 90% of Cambodia’s poor live in rural areas
- 70% of Cambodia’s population live on less than $3 per day.
- 66% of households experience regular food shortages
- 50% are on or below the poverty line of $1.25 per day
- 70% of rural people do not have access to clean water
- 58% of rural people do not have access to toilets; this is even a problem in schools
Infant mortality per 1000 live births – 24.6
- Thailand – 10.5
- Australia – 4.9
Under 5 years mortality per 1000 – 30.6
- Thailand – 12.2
- Australia – 3.7
- 55% of Cambodian children suffer anemia
- 33% of Cambodian children are malnourished
- 25% of Cambodian children suffer from stunting, a condition with life-long consequences
Maternal mortality rate per 100,000 births
- Cambodia – 170
- Thailand – 26
- Australia – 7
- 30% of Cambodia women give birth without any trained medical assistance
- 55% of pregnant Cambodian women are anemic
Midwives per 100,000 people
- Cambodia – 3.4
- Thailand – 207.7
- Australia – 1065
Cambodia has only 7 hospital beds per 10,000 people
- 50% of the population relies on traditional medicine
- Malaria affects more than 3 million people in rural Cambodia
- Tuberculosis kills 9.6%, or about 13,000 citizens annually
- Leprosy is still being diagnosed in about 600 Cambodians each year.
- Tuberculosis and Leprosy are not diagnosed quickly enough for effective treatment. This is due to the cost of people getting to medical help, they don’t go until it’s too late because they can’t afford it.
- 67 thousand people are living with HIV in Cambodia, many of these people are forced out of their homes and villages because the disease still carries a stigma.
Literacy rate % over 15 yrs can read & write
- Cambodia – 77.2% – however, functional literacy is much lower.
- Thailand – 96.7%
- Australia – 99.99%
- 51% of children do not finish lower secondary school
- 91% of children do not attend upper secondary school
- Less than 10% of those who complete school can afford any further education; university, trade or vocational training.
Cambodia is a source, transit, and destination country for forced labor and sex trafficking
- 75% of the victims of sex trafficking within Cambodia are children
- Girls as young as five have been found in brothels because virgins fetch up to $4000
- Children are also subject to forced labour domestic servitude and begging or street vending
- Women are trafficked into forced labour, domestic servitude, prostitution and to China into forced marriages
- Men are subjected to forced labor, often on Thai-owned fishing vessels in international waters
- Elderly and disabled are forced into begging
Over 1 million Cambodians are working in Thailand, they are often from rural areas and leave their families.
- Many Cambodian children are being looked after by Grandparents or other relatives because both parents are working in Thailand where wages are higher.
- They work in factories, construction and fishing.
- It is estimated that another 800 thousand are working in other countries.